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Textiles and Leather Solutions


Silicon Chemistry Tutorial


The Properties of Silicones.

Silicon is in the same group of the periodic table as carbon and is structurally similar to carbon in that it will conveniently bond to four other atoms. Silicon is also significantly different in that it is more electropositive than carbon, doesn’t form stable double bonds and is capable of unique chemical reactions.

The structural similarities between carbon and silicon allow you to take advantage of the differences to add a new set of tools to your textile and nonwoven manufacturing capabilities. These tools offer novel ways to incorporate silicone properties, such as:

  • Low surface tension
  • Nonionic/nonpolar characteristics
  • Unique solubility characteristics
  • Hydrophobicity
  • Thermal stability
  • Oxidation resistance
  • Good dielectric properties
  • Liquid at high molecular weight
  • Low freezing and pour points
  • Low volatility at high molecular weight
  • High volatility at low molecular weight
  • Minimum viscosity/temperature slope
  • Shear stability
  • High gas transmission rates
  • Low flammability
  • Relatively inert
  • Nontoxic
  • Environmentally safe


Return to the Silicon Chemistry Tutorial home page.

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